Korea has a solemn history, one that has been filled with pillaging and war.  Koreans have been seriously mistreated by neighbouring Japan and China because of their geographical location to each country.  Korea’s sovereignty was a mighty feat for the small nation. The maintenance of their culture and language throughout their 5000 year history is remarkable, considering the many hostile occupations and invasions they have endured.  The country’s trying history is, in large part, the cause of its patriotism and cultural pride.

1910- 1945: Japan invaded Korea and officially occupied the entire country (including the North which was not separate at that time).  The invaders made it law that the only language that was allowed to be spoken was Japanese, even to the point where all Korean names were changed to Japanese names
1948: North Korea and South Korea divided as separate states once they became an independent nation from Japan
June 25, 1950: The North Korean army, followed by the Chinese army, invaded South Korea
1953:  After three years, The Korean War finally came to an end as the North and the South agreed to stop the fighting and made a compromise to exist as separate states.  The DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) was made, which is the official line separating the two states along the 38th parallel. South Koreans are not allowed to enter North Korea and North Koreans are restricted from entering South Korea

The differences in political and economic ideologies (mainly that of Democracy and Communism) was the predominate cause of the divide between North and South Korea.
However, over the years, the political rivalry between the two states has drastically changed.  Both North and South have started to work together with regards to trade.  South Koreans have also built factories in North Korea and even talks of unification between the two leaders have been broached. Efforts have also been made by South Korea to come to the aid of North Korea with assistance being given with food shortages and medical supplies.

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